Thursday, January 17, 2019

Asahi Breweries

Assignment 2 Asahi Breweries Case abstract Anonymous Student 2 Professor John Stockmyer MKT517 WEB/Tuesdays 700-930 Asahi Breweries (Dry Beer Implementation) Introduction Asahi Breweries, Ltd. has been in the Japanese beer securities industry since its inception in 1949 where it originated through with(predicate) the post-war breakup of beer conglom seasonte Dai Nippon, which at the time had a 75% foodstuff character. The only other existing Japanese beer ac high society anterior to the post-war era was Kirin, holding the remaining 25% marketplace shargon. Asahi is one of quaternity main beer manufacturers along with its competitors Kirin, Sapporo and Suntory companies.Kirin, existence the oldest and largest go with of beer producers has historic whollyy been the leader in crossroadion, gross r crimsonue, and market share at 60% primarily through its mystify enabling the company to advert market trends and develop expansive diffusion centers. The Asahi, Sapporo, and Suntory companies commit generally remained competitive for the remaining 40% market share. Traditionally, laager beer beer as been the choice of Japanese beer drinkers and Kirin has capitalized on that tradition for decades by producing laager as its primary beer product.However, by the archaean 1980s consumer tastes began to diversify and they sought after more variety in beer choices. To meet the demand, the triplet smaller companies essential and marketed their own brands of outline beer which in turn enabled the market share for that special product segment to even out. Karin disinclinedly followed while maintaining its moorage that lager was still the beer of choice. In order to differentiate itself from its competitors and create a break for itself, Asahi has created a newly ironic beer to offer consumers hoping to capitalize on the changing tastes of beer drinkers.Asahis president, Hirotaro Higuchi, has decided to invest in the implementation of the new produc t. The s slip awayping point must be analyzed whether to support the investment in the strategical development, production, and marketing of Asahis new dry beer. Asahis Recent Strategies Asahi prides itself on its long history of beer production with continued quality and social freight to its customers, employee relationships, business partners, stockholders, and local communities.Until 1982 change was almost nonexistent as the company continued to operate in the traditional modus of producing lager beer and was on the limen of becoming extinct in the market overdue to declining sales, forced early retirements, and low morale. At that time, Tsutomu Murai became the president bringing a new flat communication philosophy to the company. He implemented cross functional teams to amend the companys image both internally and externally as well as reform quality within the organization. It was determined from look for that consumer beer taste was changing and Asahi needed to rea ct.Risking backlash from traditionalists, the Asahi trademark was changed in latitude with the release of the new Asahi Draft product, demonstrating managements ability to identify and the willingness to respond to the changing market purlieu. This gave the companys morale a sustained boost, just a short lived summation in market share and soon it declined. In 1986, Hirotaro Higuchi became the new president with a top down management philosophy and very hands on bearing decision making with the sole mission to increase profit.Riding the wave of the new draft beer product release and amend organizational functionality, Higuchi was willing to expire silver to ensure the new product was a success and he implemented three drastic policy changes at the risk of erasing the companys 1985 net profit margin of 1. 4 zillion pine away Remove all old products from circulation at a loss to represent commitment to the new product. Change raw material (malt) suppliers to German suppli ers to improve quality at increased expense. Spend as much money on advertising and promotion until operational profit equaled zero.As quality improved and the advertising and promotional blitz increased, distributors realized Asahi was serious a rivalry and retailers started to push the draft product resulting in a 9. 7% increase in sales from the previous year. With the direction of its strong leadership and strategic vision, Asahis management and workers were willing to follow and implement change by going a obtainst conventional wisdom and positioning the company in 1987 with an general market share of 12% and projected increase of 23% through 1990.Included in this projection, was the latest Asahi product development, Super Dry beer, which at first, Higuchi was reluctant to introduce into the market so soon after the release of Asahi Draft, but after tasting the product himself he decided to market the product resulting in a 33% sales increase in 1987. Higuchi in a flash pr oposes an investment plan to increase brewing and packaging contentedness by 30% at a cost of 230 billion yen all over two years, 1989 -1990. DemographicsLager beer has traditionally been the product of choice for most of the pre and post WWII era consumers, mainly competitor Kirins customer base, but that segment has attenuated resulting in a younger generation of beer drinkers preferring a variety of products including draft and dry beers. This has been proven through consumer research and taste tasting trials. It should non to be presumed that lager beer is obsolete has show by Kirins dictum of that market segment from the 1988 average monthly market share information of 42. 2%.This does suggest, however, that Asahi has an opportunity to compound on the market trend and gain market share in the new dry beer segment and younger demographic by creating a dry beer niche for itself, as demonstrated by the like data indicating Asahi with a 15. 4% average monthly dry beer marke t share versus Kirin, the closest competitor at 8. 0%. It should be noted that in January of that year, Asahis total beer market share was 11. 2 % and by November it had risen to 20. 5% a 9. 3 % up trend. Kirins market share decreased by 9. 8% during that same period. CompetitionAs stated in the introduction, Asahi has three competitors in the beer market, Karin, Sapporo, and Suntory Kirin One of the oldest, largest, and most change companies with an extensive distribution network. Strength in the beer market is lager beer, of which it holds a dominate market share. Still believes that lager is the Japanese beer of choice. Slow to respond to the trend of recent changing consumer preferences and promotes the stance that dry beer is a straits fad. Eventually Kirin released its own dry brand and its moderate success is due to the companys size.Sapporo Formed at the same time as Asahi after the dissection of Dai Nippon post WWII. Strength in the beer market is draft beer of which it leads in market share. Sapporo is probably Asahis closest competitor for total market share at 18. 8 %. Eventually followed suit and released a dry beer to compete, although lagging in the market. Suntory Focuses on draft and malt beer products, of which malt seems to be declining as indicated by 0. 7 % market share. Suntory released a dry beer as well with minimal success. At this time the company ranks last in the beer market with a 5. 5 % market share.Legal/Political Factors All three competitors released dry products without product or packaging differentiation in hopes of capturing a percentage of the dry beer market and boosting sales. Asahi has challenged with intellectual property rights and the media oversight has benefitted Asahi as the original dry beer creator and producer. This will care to secure Asahi has the leader in the dry beer market segment. The Japanese government monitors industries for potential monopolies, thus Kirin cannot petition for increased market share at the risk of being divided into smaller companies. A new license is required to unmortgaged new production plants. The Ministry of Finance regulates licenses and may restrict them where there is a potential for industry overmuchness capacity. This will not be a factor has the competitors production will eventually decrease as Asahis production increases to match sales demand as indicted by market share trends. Distributors and retailers are required to have licenses and new licenses are limited. This affects all companies. The retail price of beer and liquor tax is also regulated by the Ministry of Finance.This affects all companies as well. Social Environment The Japanese beer consumer has been, for the most part, materialistic when it comes to change. This is reflected in the lager beer market share data and the fact that it has taken 30 years to introduce and accept a draft beer into the market. However, as the market has become global and consumers have been expo sed to more options and variety, their tastes and preferences have changed more rapidly as indicated from recent consumer research and taste trials.This change in consumer attitude will benefit the company that offers new and advanced(a) products to the beer market such as Asahi dry beer. Economics/Financials Currently, Asahis pertinent financials ratios are as follows Ratio Calculation 1987 Total 1988 Estimate 1989 project 1990 Projected Scale Operating Profit Sales COGS/Sales 3. 5 14. 0 16. 0 20. billion yen Net Profit loot after Taxes/Sales 2. 5 4. 8 6. 0 7. 0 billion yen Current Ratio Current Assets/Current Liabilities 1. 6 NA NA NA ratio Working Capital Current Assets-Current Liabilities 103553 NA NA NA million yen Debt to Assets Total Debt/Total Assets 1. NA NA NA ratio Long-term Debt to Long-term Debt/Total Stockholders 0. 3 NA NA NA ratio Equity Equity At first glance, the proposed investments of 230 billion yen to increase capacity overwhelms the projected o perating and net profits, although the projections of these are trending positive and are good indicators of a audio company. The current and capital ratios indicate that Asahi has the ability to pay its current liabilities by using assets and finance inventory expansion and operations without having to barrow. However, the leverage ratios are stronger indicators of Asahi being able to take on superfluous debt.The debt to assets ratio reveals that the company has not abused debt to finance operations, and the long-term debt to lawfulness ratio indicates Asahi has the capacity to barrow additional funds when needed. Asahis Finance Director, Hiroshi Okada supports the data by stating that Asahi has undervalued assets worth approximately 700 billion yen and increased stock prices which secured an additional 100 billion yen enabling the company to invest with equity thereby reducing the investment risk such as excess inventory, excess capacity or chance of bankruptcy.Technology Techn ology has enabled Asahi to package and further its product in novel ways to capture consumers attention along with the great test of the dry beer product. It is unknown from the analysis if engineering science would help with the increase of production and capacity, although it is reasonable to assume that technological advances would help with construction, manufacturing, and distribution infrastructures through the use of computers and automation. RecommendationIn review of the analysis I pep up the proposed investment to increase capacity. Asahis management has proven it makes the right strategic decisions when faced with adversity while regarding the potential risks involved. The Japanese beer market environment is ripe for a new product as evidenced by the changing demographics and social environment. The competition is lagging in response to crack an alternative to beer consumers desire for product variety and the legal and political policies do not constrain Asahi relativ e to its competitors.Ultimately, Asahis economic and financial position is found to be in agreement with absorbing additional debt to distend capacity. Combine the actual and projected upward trend in sales and market share, and the potential for a positive return is increased even further, whereas the risk factor for investment loss is reduced. What will be the seeming competitive reaction, and how serious is the threat? Nice analysis. Overall Score 98/100

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