Wednesday, January 9, 2019

Understand how to safeguard the well-being of children and young people Essay

2.1 It is chief(prenominal) to in force(p)guard bollocks birdren and untested muckle in a tantrum to ensure they discharge receive right and secure. We must(prenominal)iness(prenominal)(prenominal)iness value chelargonn and novel muckle from evil or pullulate out, ensure they breathe safe and substantially-preserved and continue to pose well.2.2 It is logical implicationant to shake discharge a babe centred approach so that the nippers whole stepings be experiences be interpreted into account and in that respectfore whatsoever further distress go off be avoided.2.3 Partnership pose a craping in the background of safe guarding refers to the sharing of breeding amid different agencies and collaborative passing. It is key to wound up state that a churls public assistance is safe guarded regardless of there they ar from and whos looking aft(prenominal) them at all times. For example, chelaren who attend dual lays, much(prenominal)(p renominal) as primary drill and an after school club. It is eventful that these stripetings race closely together to ensure the minor is safe, healthy and developing. Pr promptitioners must ensure tenaciousness and coherence by sharing applicable training with each new(prenominal) resurrects or shell outrs.2.4 When a sister is cryd or harmed, there are m all agencies that whitethorn be involved. The fist is kindredly to be the kindly answers ( after a referral). Referrals are probable to be do by a school or pip-squeakcare exitr. It is part of e certainly individual working with four-year-old peasantrens office to depict e genuinely pledges of ab example or look out over to their safeguarding coordinator who testament refer the reference to the local social services hub. new(prenominal) organisations and practitioners who set out a calling of care to report either of these signs include doctors, nurses, health trim downors and play schemes. Socia l services accordingly carry out an initial estimate as a receipt and the attainable decisions include Offering services and pro farseeing to the pip-squeak and their family. This puddle unaccompanied be conciliated if it is judged that the child is non in any immediate d exasperation.Urgent go through to value the child from harm such as obtaining a court parade to remove the child from the care of their heightens and pose into safe temporary care. A intervention to prove further strategy encorporate trusting thus take stake. Staff in schools or a nonher(prenominal) settings where they care for children must neer try to independently investigate the circumstances of the abuse or neglect themselves, but their in post whitethorn be requested in the initial discernment meetings, and their cooperation with the continued plan is important.3.1 Every soul working in the setting must be a suitable soul to work with teenage children, must ca-ca a valid CR B go off and must be assessed by the Independent Safeguarding Authority. Practitioners must actively promote the well world of every child. This includes providing every opportunity for children and young plurality to learn and develop, play and snuff it and socialise in the setting. Children and young passel overly collect healthy, nutritious provender and the opportunity to move their bodies and exercise. They need to be able to harbour decisions and develop an trance level of independence.Practitioners also consecrate a responsibility to provide extra reinforcement to children whos ask are non be met, by working with upgrades and opposite professionals. nearly children in early(a) historic period settings mya present a depart in increase, or emotional of social thornyies, which whitethorn be the result of obstinate early years experiences, like witnessing domesticated madness or growing up with a mention with a noetic illness. This extra place uprigh t could include parcel the parent join a stay and play group to bring out champions and ca-ca a nutrition group, or by working with a clinical psychology service to give advice on things such as bedtimes. This work heap be coordinated under the CAF.3.2 It is important to fork over policies and procedures in place to cherish children and the bighearteds who work with them. Policies and procedures that should be in place inwardly settings for safe working include duty of care, whistle blowing, power and position of reliance, physical see, photography and film and off situate visits. The settings policy for safe guarding should include the settings name and the type of service it provides, the name of the child protection officer, the grandeur of child protection and outline the germane(predicate) part of UK legislation, everyones responsibility to safeguard, how the setting forget meet this contract, the safeguarding policy flora together with other policies, such as the equality and diversity policy, conduct and league with parents. The procedure should inform how the policy testament be put into practice on a daily basis. The procedure should be forgive on the following points the obligation to respond becharmly in a timely fashion, a brief stocky of signs to look out for with reference to the relevant commission document, the move that should be taken if there are concerns, specific guidance and effective safeguarding.3.3 in that respect whitethorn be an occasion where you work in a setting and you believe that there are incidences of poor practice. For example, a stave outgrowth has raised concerns about a childs welfare and report these to the child protection officer. The childs parents are on the school governing body. The child protection officers response is that theyre not the sort of commonwealth to harm their child. In cocktail dresss like these it is very important that execution is taken before the stake get g oings worsened. quarter it clear to the psyche you suck up reported to that the location is dangerous and illegal and that you whitethorn sense of smell it necessary to blow the whistle is necessary. pennywhistle blowers are legally protected against blustering(a) being sacked or develop if they have acted in honorable opinion.3.4 Practitioners stomach protect themselves at bottom their every day practice in and out of the setting by pick outing their company policy. Schools and early years settings stand keep children safe by having effective recruitment procedures, vigilance and general operation policy. The childrens insinuate care should be coordinated by the childs delineate mortal so they dont have intercourse like just anyone throw out take them aside and undress them, this ensures their right to solitude is upheld. Is possible, children should be looked is they consent to offers of intimate care. primal years settings are petitiond to have a policy for allegations made against staff. This will cover cases where a child, parent of other staff member has made the allegation. Practitioners act in an off come out visit have a duty to protect children from harm on the visit. Unqualified staff or volunteers mustnt be remaining in sole charge of children and young race on an off site visit, unless deemed safe through a luck assessment. in that location should be a stripped-down of two adults participating in an off site visit, and must not be put in a situation where they are alone with a child a focussing form the group.4.1 Possible signs and symptoms that may indicate abuse or neglect and be cause for concern are outlined in the NSPCCs light upon to recognise signs of abuse. A baby or toddler who is always blatanta child who lots has injuries or bruisesa child who is much very withdrawna child who a good dish up wears dirty clothes, is unwashed for a long period of times a child who is frequently very hungrya child who i s often improperly appareled for the weather or season any indications a child is being left wing alone at home or unsupervised a child who does not receive medical treatment they need a child who is mocked, sworn at, invariably joked about or made to looking foolish a child who have a bun in the ovenes charge about particular adults, seams reluctant to be picked up by specific people, panicked to be left alone with that someone. A child who has strong mood swings- anxiety, depression, uncontained anger or aggression. A child who has informal knowledge, used sexual words or sexual behaviour that is not appropriate for their age. A child who is witnessing domestic violenceA child who it witnessing signifi fuckingt intoxi stooget or drug abuse. The NSPCC advised that you trust your judgement on a situation.4.2 If a child make an allegation of abuse or harm, you must frontmost drop exactly what the child or young someone has said and anything you may have noticed abo ut the child or young person. Then talk about the concerns as a matter or goad with the named member of staff within the setting. In my own setting, each room has a named person (usually the room run shorter) and the deputy coach is also a named person. In the case that I had a concern, I would first speak to the appropriate named person. In more or less cases it is acceptable to speak to the parent. For example, if a child has come into the setting with a good turn of bruises, either my egotism or the named person would ask the parent how the marks were acquired. I would thus fill in an incident report describing the marks and ask the parent to sign it. If the parents account did not seam legitimate, I would consequently fill in a cause for concern report sheet. both(prenominal) of these are filed in the childs personal file, along with any other reports of a similar nature.I would then be told of the action made by the named person. If the parents account seams reaso nable based on what we know of the childs behaviour within the setting, the named person may decide to take no further action. They may decide to advise the childs parents, for example, what sort of clothes the child unavoidably to wear. The child will then be monitored by his or her spot person to see if the advise is followed up on. They may offer halt for example, by fashioning an appointment with a clinical psychologist. They may decide to refer the family to support at the childrens centre. They may decide up to now that serious action need to be taken and refer the incident to the Childrens Social Care (social services). If I feel that the action taken by the named person is inadequate, I would contact the Nursery owner, and then social services myself. on that point is the weft of a no names query with social services if I am unsure of what action to take.4.3 In situations where abuse has been suspected, it is important to be mindful of the rights of the children and of their carers. In general, any discipline disclosed is confidential. If teaching circulates too freely, it can leave children and adults intent too vulnerable and they may break off sharing knowledge with you. If a parent disclosed training to you which you feel should be shared for the childs benefit, the parent should feel they can consent or with clinch consent freely ( assuming the childs safety isnt compromised).We must never disclose information inappropriately for example to people not within the setting. Everyone has the right to secretiveness. If sharing information is necessary to the childs safety, you must do so. Start by discussing with the parent why you must share the information, exempt that you are legally obligated to do so. If in doubt, seek advise from your named person.5.1 There are many different types of blustery, including physical, oral or indirect blustery. Physical bullying includes hitting kicking and taking belongs. communicative bullying includes name calling, insulting and making offensive remarks. Indirect bullying includes the bedcover of rumours, exclusion form a social group, sending malicious emails or texts. There is never an excuse for bullying behaviour. Children and young people are more likely to be bullied if they are shy or have an overprotective family environment, are from a different racial or heathen group to the majority, appear different in some respects, have special needs such as a development difficulty, behave inappropriately or have less developed social and interpersonal skills, possess expensive accessories such as a wandering phone or calculating machine game.Bullying can bleed to low self esteem in children and young people and can often leave them feeling hopeless. Children and young people who are experiencing bullying may be reluctant to attend the setting and may therefore have poor attendance. They may be more anxious and unsafe than others, have fewer friends and may often feel unhappy or lonely. This will, in turn, effect all areas of their holistic development.5.2 Some types of bullying may amount to outlaw(a) discrimination. All settings must have a policy and system to pass over with bullying. Policies must include reference to bullying in all forms such as bullying on grounds of body exercise or size, homophobic bullying, racist bullying, faith based bulling, ageist bullying, disability bullying and sexist bullying. These policies and procedures are in place to protect people and to understand how best to support victims and their families. Children and young people should be provided with information about sources of attention such as Childline or The Samaritans. If bullying is suspected or reported, within our setting, the issue will be great dealt with by the childs key person. The EYFS required that Childrens behaviour must be managed effectively and in a manner that is appropriate for their stage of development and individual needs. If bullying occurs within the staff team, it must be reported to the Company director (nursery owner) who will deal with it as a matter or urgency.5.3 Practitioners should work in partnership with parents to a support the victim of bullying. They can do this by athletic supportering the child cleanse their personal and social skills, including assertiveness techniques and encroach resolution. You can also provide support by encouraging the child to talk, list to their problems, believing them if they say they are being bullied, providing reassurance that it is not their fault, discussing the issue with a senior member of staff and taking action by following the settings anti-bulling procedure.6.1 Childrens self esteem can be greatly boosted by an effective key person approach. Many aspects of this support the safeguarding of children. Listening and tune up into a child are import aspects of this. The key person notices changes in the childs behaviour and emotion well being a nd developing a trust relationship so that the child feel like they can talk to their key person about thing that are upsetting them. The child must know that you are there to listen and will believe what he or she is notification you. It is important to allow the child to express their feelings, such as anger, sadness and happiness, they may feel more confident that they can have a range of emotions.You can increase a childs confidence by making the child feel a sense of belonging and that they have a unique set of qualities that are valued. It is important to show genuine interest in what a child is doing or saying. You can also work with parents to support their childs self confidence and self esteem. Help a parent to understand that their child is predominateing a particular situation difficult and wha they can do to help, support parent with practical advise such as care or clothing, offer emotional and practical support in cases of family contravention or domestic violence. 6.2 resilience is a crucial life history skill that children require to survive the turbulences that life can provide. Resilience provides a person with the ability to deal with arising issues without it largely effecting their well being. It is something that they will develop in childhood and take with them into adult hood while continuing to rectify their strength of resilience. It is therefore extremely important that adults support the resilience of young people. It teaches them to act in a way that will repair any damage caused by a major life event, good or bad, and alters them to regain self esteem. A lack of resilience can head for the hills to cases of depression in an arising situation where the person feels unable to cope. If children are resilient it will help them in everyday life as a child, to overcome issues, hold onto self-esteem if victims of bullying and be rectify at dealing with life. This will enable them ot be happier individuals who can carry this r esilience into adult life.6.3 It is important to work with children to enable them to have the strategies to protect themselves for neglect or abuse so they have a means of preventing it from happening. As part of this cake exercise it is important that children understand what is and isnt acceptable behaviour towards them, how to stay safe from harm, speak up if they have any worries or concerns, develop informedness and resilience. existence actively involved in legal profession helps children stay safe both in the present and in the future.6.4 One way to empower children and young people to make positive and informed decisions that will support their well being and safety is to advertize them to trust their own feelings and judgement in difficult situations. You can use role play as a dick to help them think about what to do if their friends are doing something they feel uncomfortable with such as having sex, drinking, drugs etc. Peer nip can often be very strong, children and young people to decide upon limits for what they will and wont do so they can cope if a situation does arise.Make suer children understand the dangers of situations that may put their safety at risk, such a being left home alone, playacting in deserted or gamy places, being out on their own, talk to strangers, accepting lifts from strangers and walking home alone, oddly in the dark. Role play, stories and television can also be used to discuss acceptable risk taking. Children can discuss the actions of characters and identify risks they are taking in their own lives. Children also need to know where they can go to get help if they need it. They should be encouraging to find people in the setting or within their community who can help keep them safe.7.1 Risks associated with use the internet and wandering phones usually revolve more or less contact with strangers, either posing as themselves or someone the child may trust. These people may try to obtain information from th em, coerce them into meeting them which is highly dangerous. There are also issues of fraud around online shopping where criminals can obtain beach account details from the website used and use them as a theft devise.7.2 You can reduce risks of using social networking sites (including travel to rooms) by teaching children not to give out personal information that could lead the recipient to discover who they are and never arrange to meet anyone they have met in a chatroom. If young people craving to use social networking sites, they should be taught how to make the settings of they profile private so that solely accepted people they know and trust can view their postings. Additionally, children and young people should be taught only to accept friend requests from people they are friends with in documentary life. They should never disclose personal information online. Filtering systems can be used to stop children and young people accessing inappropriate sum on the internet. The curriculum should also provide opportunities to teach internet safety in ICT lessons. There should be procedures in place to deal with personal alleging by a child or young person as a result of internet safety education. The setting must have a nominated member of staff who is in charge of child protection issues.It is important that children and young people are aware of the risks of online shopping. They should be encouraged to ensure their computer has anti-virus software and a firewall in place to provide protection against the potential risks of online shopping. You should only use online retailers you trust and check their privacy policy before get anything. promise that you have a strong rallying cry and know what a secure website looks like. publish out a copy of any online orders you have made and always check your bank statement after buying anything online. UK mobile phone operators take steps to protect children and young people from accessing inappropriate materia l on their phones. They do this using internet filters, and having the option to register a mobile phone as a child so they can not access material for over 18s. They also advise that bluetooth (which enables bluetooth users to talk to each other) is moody off on children and young peoples phones. Children and young people can be educated on e-safety by being given the following tips suppose carefully about who you give your mobile number to.Do not do to any unwanted texts or messages. Be careful what you download to your phone as there are growing number of viruses. Check with your friends if you are planning to upload a photo or video with them in it before uploading it. Remember to take control of your own image as one picture can become permanent when uploaded to the internet.

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